Debian Squeeze: wajig Interface

Es gibt nicht nur aptitude um Kommandos für die darunter liegende Ebene des Paketmanagementsystems von Debian zu nutzen. Wajig ist eines davon.
Manche fragen sich vielleicht warum wajig entstanden ist und warum man es nutzen sollte.
wajig ist ein ein Pythonscript, welches alle für eine Administration von Debian benutzten Programme ( dselect, deity, deity-gtk, aptitude, apt-get, dpkg, gnome-apt, apt-cache) unter einen Hut bringt und sich wie in etwa die mysql-Shell verhält. Somit hat man diese ganzen Befehle gebündelt in einer Shell und muss nicht von einem Befehl zu einem anderen wechseln. Sprich es macht die komplette Administration ein wenig einfacher. Dies soll nicht bedeuten, das man sich nicht mit den Programmen selbst beschäftigen sollte. Nicht überall findet man wajig installiert vor und man sollte auch das darunterliegende System kennen.
Installiert wird das Ganze mit einem zünftigen aptitude install wajig
Nach der Eingabe von wajig als root erhält man die Kommandozeile von wajig, welche im ersten Moment mehr als unspannend aussieht:

JIG> 

Spannender wird es erst, wenn man die Hilfe aufruft:

JIG> help
 Common JIG commands:
 update Update the list of downloadable packages
 new List packages that became available since last update
 newupgrades List packages newly available for upgrading
 install Install (or upgrade) one or more packages or .deb files
 remove Remove one or more packages (see also purge)
 toupgrade List packages with newer versions available for upgrading
 upgrade Upgrade all of the installed packages or just those listed
 listfiles List the files that are supplied by the named package
 listnames List all known packages or those containing supplied string
 whatis For each package named obtain a one line description
 whichpkg Find the package that supplies the given command or file

Run LIST-COMMANDS for a complete list of commands.

In dem Moment unterscheidet sich wajig aber immer noch nicht von aptitude und auch ich dachte mir, also dies ist nicht wirklich ein Tool, welches ich unbedingt brauche um mein System zu administrieren, denn in dem Fall spare ich mir doch den Speicherplatz von wajig. Aber da ich ein Spielkind in vielen Dingen bin, habe ich mich doch ein wenig mehr aus dem Fenster gelehnt und list-commands aufgerufen. Hierzu muss man noch sagen, dass wajig selbst die Befehle komplementiert und somit ein schnelles arbeiten möglich ist.

Nicht erschrecken ツ

JIG> list-commands
 All JIG commands:

addcdrom Add a CD-ROM to the list of available sources of packages
 auto-alts Mark the alternative to be auto set (using set priorities)
 auto-clean Remove superseded .deb files from the download cache
 auto-download Do an update followed by a download of all updated packages
 auto-install Perform an install without asking questions (non-interactive)
 auto-remove Remove packages installed automatically as dependencies
 available List versions of packages available for installation
 bug Check reported bugs in package using the Debian Bug Tracker
 build Retrieve/unpack sources and build .deb for the named packages
 build-depend Retrieve packages required to build listed packages
 changelog Retrieve latest changelog for the package
 clean Remove all deb files from the download cache
 commands List all the JIG commands and one line descriptions for each
 contents List the contents of a package file
 daily-upgrade Perform an update then a dist-upgrade
 dependents List of packages which depend/recommend/suggest the package
 describe One line description of packages (-v and -vv for more detail)
 describe-new One line description of new packages
 detail Provide a detailed description of package (describe -vv)
 detail-new Provide a detailed description of new packages (describe -vv)
 dist-upgrade Upgrade to new distribution (installed and new rqd packages)
 docs Equivalent to help with -verbose=2
 download Download package files ready for an install
 editsources Edit the list of archives for Debian packages
 extract Extract the files from a package file to a directory
 file-download Download packages listed in file ready for an install
 file-install Install packages listed in a file
 file-remove Remove packages listed in a file
 find-file Search for a file within installed packages
 find-pkg Search for an unofficial Debian package at apt-get.org
 fix-configure Perform dpkg --configure -a (to fix interrupted configure)
 fix-install Perform apt-get -f install (to fix broken dependencies)
 fix-missing Perform apt-get --fix-missing upgrade
 force Install packages and ignore file overwrites and depends
 help Print documentation (detail depends on --verbose)
 hold Place listed packages on hold so they are not upgraded
 init Initialise or reset the JIG archive files
 info List the information contained in a package file
 install Install (or upgrade) one or more packages or .deb files
 installr Install package and associated recommended packages
 installrs Install package and recommended and suggested packages
 installs Install package and associated suggested packages
 install/dist Install packages from specified distribution (must be in sources.list)
 integrity Check the integrity of installed packages (through checksums)
 large List size of all large (>10MB) installed packages
 last-update Identify when an update was last performed
 list List the status and description of installed packages
 list-all List a one line description of given or all packages
 list-alts List the objects that can have alternatives configured
 list-cache List the contents of the download cache
 list-commands List all the JIG commands and one line descriptions for each
 list-daemons List the daemons that JIG can start/stop/restart
 list-files List the files that are supplied by the named package
 list-hold List those packages on hold
 list-installed List packages (with optional argument substring) installed
 list-log List the contents of the install/remove log file (filtered)
 list-names List all known packages or those containing supplied string
 list-orphans List libraries not required by any installed package
 list-scripts List the control scripts of the package of deb file
 list-section List packages that belong to a specific section
 list-sections List the sections that are available
 list-status Same as list but only prints first two columns, not truncated
 list-wide Same as list but avoids truncating package names
 local-dist-upgrade Dist-upgrade using packages already downloaded
 local-upgrade Upgrade using packages already downloaded, but not any others
 locate Search for a file within installed packages
 madison Runs the madison command of apt-cache.
 move Move packages in the download cache to a local Debian mirror
 new List packages that became available since last update
 news Obtain the latest news about the package
 new-upgrades List packages newly available for upgrading
 non-free List installed packages that do not meet the DFSG
 orphans List libraries not required by any installed package
 package Generate a .deb file for an installed package
 policy From preferences file show priorities/policy (available)
 purge Remove one or more packages and configuration files
 purge-depend Purge package and those it depend on and not required by others
 purge-orphans Purge orphaned libraries (not required by installed packages)
 purge-removed Purge all packages marked as deinstall
 readme Display the packages README file from /usr/share/doc
 recursive Download package and any packages it depends on
 recommended Install package and associated recommended packages
 reconfigure Reconfigure the named installed packages or run gkdebconf
 reinstall Reinstall each of the named packages
 reload Reload daemon configs, e.g., gdm, apache (see list-daemons)
 remove Remove one or more packages (see also purge)
 remove-depend Remove package and its dependees not required by others
 remove-orphans Remove orphaned libraries (not required by installed packages)
 repackage Generate a .deb file for an installed package
 reset Initialise or reset the JIG archive files
 restart Stop then start a daemon, e.g., gdm, apache (see list-daemons)
 rpm2deb Convert a RedHat .rpm file to a Debian .deb file
 rpminstall Install a RedHat .rpm package
 rpmtodeb Convert a RedHat .rpm file to a Debian .deb file
 search Search for packages containing listed words
 search-apt Find local Debian archives suitable for sources.list
 setup Configure the sources.list file which locates Debian archives
 show Provide a detailed description of package [same as detail]
 showdistupgrade Trace the steps that a dist-upgrade would perform
 showinstall Trace the steps that an install would perform
 showremove Trace the steps that a remove would perform
 showupgrade Trace the steps that an upgrade would perform
 size Print out the size (in K) of all, or listed, installed packages
 sizes Print out the size (in K) of all, or listed, installed packages
 snapshot Generates list of package=version for all installed packages
 source Retrieve and unpack sources for the named packages
 start Start a daemon, e.g., gdm, apache (see list-daemons)
 status Show the version and available version of packages
 status-match Show the version and available version of matching packages
 status-search Show the version and available version of matching packages
 stop Stop a daemon, e.g., gdm, apache (see list-daemons)
 suggested Install package and associated suggested packages
 tasksel Run the Gnome task selector to install groups of packages
 toupgrade List packages with newer versions available for upgrading
 unhold Remove listed packages from hold so they are again upgraded
 unofficial Search for an unofficial Debian package at apt-get.org
 update Update the list of downloadable packages
 update-alts Update default alternative for things like x-window-manager
 update-pci-ids Updates the local list of PCI ids from the internet master list
 update-usb-ids Updates the local list of USB ids from the internet master list
 upgrade Upgrade all of the installed packages or just those listed
 verify Check the md5sums of a package.
 version Show the current version of wajig.
 versions List version and distribution of (all) packages.
 whatis A synonym for describe
 whichpkg Find the package that supplies the given command or file

Command line options:

-h|--help Print usage message.
 -q|--quiet Do system commands everything quietly.
 -n|--noauth Allow packages from unathenticated archives.
 -s|--simulate Trace but don t execute the sequence of underlying commands.
 -t|--teaching Trace the sequence of commands performed.
 -v|--verbose=n Increase (or set) the level of verbosity (to n).
 -y|--yes Assume yes for any questions asked.

Fuller documentation can be found at http://www.togaware.com/wajig.

JIG> 

Dies ist eine ganze Latte von Befehlen und jeden einzelnen nun zu erklären würde den Rahmen einer Vorstellung sprengen.
Wenn man sich die Befehle aber genau anschaut, sind sie für sich selbsterklärend und wajig bietet sich als wirklich mächtiges Werkzeug für die Shell an.
Vielleicht findet der Eine/ die Eine, oder der Andere / die Andere ein wenig Gefallen an wajig.
Ich muss sagen, dass mich das Werkzeug, gerade in der Administration von entfernten Hosts überzeugt hat und nun zu einen meiner Standardwerkzeugen in Debian gehört.

Debian Squeeze: wajig Interface
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